History of ICC Champions Trophy

The ICC Champions Trophy is a One Day International (ODI) cricket tournament organised by the International Cricket Council (ICC), second in importance only to the Cricket World Cup. It was inaugurated as the ICC Knock Out Tournament in 1998 and has been played approximately every two years since. Its name was changed to the Champions Trophy in 2002.


The number of teams competing has varied over the years; originally all the ICC’s full members took part, and from 2000 to 2004 associate members were also involved. Since 2009, the tournament has only involved the eight highest-ranked ODI teams as of six months prior to the tournament.


In the lead-in to the 2013 tournament, the ICC announced that the 2013 Champions Trophy was to be the last, with its place in the cricketing calendar to be taken by a new ICC World Test Championship. However, in January 2014, that decision was reversed, with the ICC confirming that the 2017 Champions Trophy tournament would take place and the proposed Test Championship was cancelled.


Up to 2006 the Champions Trophy was held every two years. The tournament had been scheduled to be held in Pakistan in 2008 but was moved to South Africa in 2009 due to security reasons. From then on it has been held every four years like the World Cup. The Champions Trophy differs from the World Cup in a number of ways.The matches in the Champions Trophy are held over a period of around two weeks, while the World Cup can last for over a month. For 2002 and 2004, twelve teams played a round-robin tournament in four pools of three, with the top team in each pool moving forward to the semi-final. A team would play only four games (two in the pool, semi-final and final) to win the tournament. In 2006, eight teams played in two pools of four, with the top two teams in each pool playing in the semi-finals. Losing a single match potentially means elimination from the tournament.


The format used in the Knock Out tournaments differed from the formats used in the Champions Trophy. The competition was a straight knock out, with no pools and the loser in each game being eliminated. Only eight games were played in 1998, and 10 games in 2000.



Thirteen nations have qualified for the Champions Trophy at least once. Seven teams have competed in every finals tournament, six of which have won the title. South Africa won the inaugural tournament, India and Australia have won two each, while New Zealand, Sri Lanka and West Indies have each won once. Australia (2006, 2009) is the only nation to have won consecutive titles. Bangladesh, , England and Pakistan are only Test playing nations who are yet to win the Champions Trophy. England has reached the final two times (2004, 2013) and Pakistan reached the semi-finals three times (2000, 2004, 2009). The best result by a non-Test playing nation is the 9th rank achieved by Kenya in the ICC KnockOut Trophy 2000 and the best result by a non-Test playing on their debut is also the 9th rank achieved by Kenya in the ICC KnockOut Trophy 2000.


Sri Lanka as a host of the ICC Champions Trophy 2002 was the first and only host to win the tournament, though they were declared co-champions with India. England is the only other host to have made the finals, in (2004, 2013). Bangladesh are the only host who do not take part in the tournament while hosting it. Kenya in 2000, India in 2006, and South Africa in 2009 have been the host teams that were eliminated in the first round.


Teams’ performances

Comprehensive results for all teams participating in all tournaments for the ICC Champions Trophy:


No Team 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2009 2013 Apps
  Host Ban Ken Srl Eng Ind RSA Eng  
1 Australia QF QF SF SF 1st 1st GP 8
2 Bangladesh   P GP GP P     5
3 England QF QF GP 2nd GP SF 2nd 8
4 India SF 2nd 1st* GP GP GP 1st 8
5 Kenya   P GP GP       3
6 Netherlands     GP         1
7 New Zealand QF 1st GP GP SF 2nd GP 8
8 Pakistan QF SF GP SF GP SF GP 8
9 South Africa 1st SF SF GP SF GP SF 8
10 Sri Lanka SF QF 1st* GP GP GP SF 8
11 United States       GP       1
12 West Indies 2nd P GP 1st 2nd GP GP 7
13 Zimbabwe P QF GP GP P     5
  No. of Teams 9 11 12 12 10 8 8  


1st  Champion
2nd  Runner-up
SF  Semi-finals
QF  Quarter-finals (1998–2000)
GP  Group/Pool stage – First round
Preliminary qualification stage
Apps Appearances



The first two tournaments, in 1998 and 2000, were intended to raise the profile of the game in the host nations, Bangladesh and Kenya. India and Sri Lanka were declared co-champions in 2002.



The table below provides an overview of the performances of teams over past ICC Champions Trophy, as of the end of the ICC Champions Trophy 2013. Teams are sorted by best performance, then by appearances, total number of wins, total number of games, and alphabetical order respectively.


Appearances Statistics
Team Total First Latest Best result Mat. Won Lost Tie NR Win%
India 7 1998 2013 Champions (2002,* 2013) 23 15 06 0 2 71.42
Australia 7 1998 2013 Champions (2006, 2009) 21 12 07 0 2 63.15
West Indies 7 1998 2013 Champions (2004) 24 13 10 1 0 56.25
New Zealand 7 1998 2013 Champions (2000) 21 12 08 0 1 60.00
Sri Lanka 7 1998 2013 Champions (2002)* 23 13 09 0 1 59.09
South Africa 7 1998 2013 Champions (1998) 21 11 09 1 0 54.76
England 7 1998 2013 Runners-Up (2004, 2013) 21 11 10 0 0 52.38
Pakistan 7 1998 2013 SF (2000, 2004, 2009) 18 07 11 0 0 38.88
Zimbabwe 5 1998 2006 Quarter-Finals (2000) 09 00 09 0 0 00.00
Bangladesh 4 2000 2006 Q round (9th Rank) (2006) 08 01 07 0 0 12.50
Kenya 3 2000 2004 PQF (9th Rank) (2000) 05 00 05 0 0 00.00
Netherlands 1 2002 2002 Pool Stage (2002) 02 00 02 0 0 00.00
United States 1 2004 2004 Group Stage (2004) 02 00 02 0 0 00.00


Last Updated: 23 June 2013

India and Sri Lanka were declared joint winners in 2002.

 The Win percentage excludes matches with no result and counts ties as half a win.


Year 1998 ICC Knock Out tournament

Won by South Africa


1998 ICC Knock out Trophy

All of the matches in the 1998 tournament were played in Bangladesh at Bangabandhu National Stadium. The tournament was won by South Africa who beat West Indies in the final. Philo Wallace of West Indies was the leading run scorer in the tournament of scoring 221 runs. This was the first and till date the only ICC event won by South Africa.


Year 2000 ICC Knock Out tournament

Won by New Zealand


2000 ICC KnockOut Trophy

All of the matches in the 2000 tournament were played in Nairobi, Kenya. All the test playing nations participated in the tournament along with inals, involving Kenya, India, Sri Lanka, West Indies, Bangladesh and England. The tournament was won by New Zealand who beat India in the final. Indian skipper Sourav Ganguly (348) was the leading run scorer in this tournament. Venkatesh Prasad (8) was the leading wicket taker. This was the first and till date the only ICC event won by New Zealand.


2002 ICC Champions Trophy

Won by India/ Sri Lanka (Declared Co-Champions)


2002 ICC Champions Trophy

The 2002 ICC Champions Trophy was held in Sri Lanka, and included the 10 ICC Test playing nations including the newly appointed full member Bangladesh, Kenya (ODI status) and the 2001 ICC Trophy winners Netherlands. The final between India and Sri Lanka was washed out due to rain twice to leave no result. First, Sri Lanka played 50 overs and then India played two overs before the rain caused interruption. The next day, Sri Lanka again played 50 overs and India played eight overs. In the end India and Sri Lanka were declared joint winners. The teams played 110 overs, but there was no result. Virender Sehwag (271) had the highest number of runs in the tournament and Muralitharan (10) had the highest number of wickets.


2004 ICC Champions Trophy

Won by West Indies


2004 ICC Champions Trophy

ICC CT 2004 was held in England and the nations competing included the ten ICC Test nations, Kenya (ODI status), and – making their One Day International debut – the United States who qualified by winning the recent 2004 ICC Six Nations Challenge. The completion was more like a knockout series where teams if losing even one game at league stage are out of the tournament. 12 teams divided into 4 groups and table topper from each group played semi’s. ENG defeated AUS in 1st semi-final to make it 4th appearance in final of an ICC event. PAK lose to WI in second semi final which was a low scoring game. In the final game WI team under Lara’s leadership pulled off a tense match with the help of wicket keeper C Browne and tailender’s Ian Bradshaw.


2006 ICC Champions Trophy

Won by Australia


2006 ICC Champions Trophy

The 2006 ICC Champions Trophy was held in India with the final on 5 November 2006. A new format was used. Eight teams were competing in the group phase: the top six teams in the ICC ODI Championship on 1 April 2006, plus two teams chosen from the other four Test-playing teams Sri Lanka, West Indies, Bangladesh and , chosen from a pre-tournament round robin qualifying round. West Indies and Sri Lanka qualified ahead of Bangladesh and .


The eight teams were then split into two groups of four in a round robin competition. While Australia and West Indies qualified from Group A, South Africa and New Zealand qualified from Group B for the semifinals. Australia and West Indies reached the final defeating New Zealand and South Africa, respectively. In the final, Australia beat West Indies by 8 wickets to win the trophy for the first time. The venues for the tournament were Mohali, Ahmedabad, Jaipur and Mumbai.


2009 ICC Champions Trophy (postponed from 2008)

Won by Australia


2009 ICC Champions Trophy

In 2006, the ICC selected Pakistan to host the 2008 ICC Champions Trophy.


On 24 August 2008 it was announced that the 2008 ICC Champions Trophy in Pakistan has been postponed to October 2009 as several countries were reluctant to visit Pakistan for security reasons. However, due to the crowded international schedule around that date, and concerns about whether the security situation would have changed by that time, there was widespread scepticism whether it would actually take place in 2009.


On 16 March 2009, an announcement was made that the ICC has recommended that the 2009 ICC Champions Trophy be moved from Pakistan to South Africa.


On 2 April 2009, Cricket South Africa confirmed that it would host the 2009 ICC Champions Trophy from 24 September to 5 October. The Board accepted recommendations from the ICC that Liberty Life Wanderers (Johannesburg) and Supersport Park (Centurion) be the host venues. The details of SA’s hosting of the Champions Trophy were ironed out at a meeting between CSA’s CEO Gerald Majola and ICC general manager – Commercial, Campbell Jamieson. Majola confirmed that the six warm-up games will be played at Benoni’s Willowmoore Park, and Senwes Park in Potchefstroom.


Australia beat England by 9 wickets in the 1st semi-final, and New Zealand beat Pakistan by 5 wickets in the 2nd semi-final, to set up a final that saw Australia beat New Zealand by 6 wickets, in 45.2 overs.


2013 ICC Champions Trophy

Won by India


2013 ICC Champions Trophy

England and Wales hosted the 2013 Champions Trophy. England became the only country to host the Champions Trophy twice.  ICC World Test Championship has been postponed to 2017 at the earliest amidst earlier reports. India, Sri Lanka, South Africa and England qualified for the semi-final stage. India and England won their respective games comprehensively and the final between the two took place on 23 June 2013. India beat England by 5 runs at Edgbaston. Ravindra Jadeja was selected as the man of the match and he also received the “Golden Ball” for taking the most wickets. Shikhar Dhawan received the “Golden Bat” for scoring the most runs in the series and was also the man of the series for his outstanding performance. This was India’s second time winning the trophy, after 2002. MS Dhoni became the first skipper to win all the major ICC trophies.


2017 ICC Champions Trophy

Starts from 01 June 2017 and concludes on 18 Jun 2017


2021 ICC Champions Trophy

India is scheduled to host the 2021 ICC Champions Trophy. However, it is uncertain if the tournament will take place. The ICC has proposed starting an ODI League in 2019. If the new league is introduced, the 2021 tournament may be cancelled.


Debut of teams

Team appearing for the first time, in alphabetical order per year.


Year Debutants Total
1998 Aus,  Eng,  Ind,  NZl,  Pak,  RSA,  Srl,  Win, Zim  09
2000 Ban,  Ken 02
2002 Net 01
2004 USA 01
2006 none 00
2009 none 00
2013 none 00
2017 none 00
Total   13


Team Final appearances Winners Runners-up Years won Years runners-up
India 3 2* 1 2002, 2013 2000
Australia 2 2 0 2006, 2009
West Indies 3 1 2 2004 1998, 2006
New Zealand 2 1 1 2000 2009
Sri Lanka 1 1* 0 2002
South Africa 1 1 0 1998
England 2 0 2 2004, 2013
* Joint Champions in 2002


Most consecutive win = India & West Indies win 6 matches


Bowling – Leading wicket takers
Player Team Mat W Runs Ave
Kyle Mills NZl 15 28 483 17.25
Muttiah Muralitharan Srl 17 24 484 20.17
Lasith Malinga Srl 13 22 587 26.68
Brett Lee Aus 16 22 591 26.86
Glenn McGrath Aus 12 21 412 19.61


Best bowling figures in an innings
Player Team Oppn O M W R Year
Farveez Maharoof Srl Win 9.0 2 6 14 2006
Shahid Afridi Pak Ken 6.0 1 5 11 2004
Makhaya Ntini RSA Pak 6.0 2 5 21 2006
Mervyn Dillon Win Ban 10.0 4 5 29 2004
Jacques Kallis RSA Win 7.3 0 5 30 1998


Highest run scorers
Player Mat Inns NO Runs HS Average
Chris Gayle 17 17 2 791 133* 52.73
Mahela Jayawardene 22 21 3 742 84* 41.22
Kumar Sangakkara 22 21 3 683 134* 37.94
Sourav Ganguly 13 11 2 665 141* 73.88
Jacques Kallis 17 17 3 653 113* 46.64
* signifies not out            


Highest individual scores
Player Team Oppn Score
Nathan Astle NZl USA 145*
Andy Flower Zim Ind 145
Sourav Ganguly Ind RSA 141*
Sachin Tendulkar Ind Aus 141
Graeme Smith RSA Eng 141
* signifies not out      


Year MoM-Final Man of the Series Most runs Most wickets
1998 Jacques Kallis Jacques Kallis Philo Wallace (221) Jacques Kallis (8)
2000 Chris Cairns not awarded Sourav Ganguly (348) Venkatesh Prasad (8)
2002 not awarded not awarded Virender Sehwag (271) Muttiah Muralitharan (10)
2004 Ian Bradshaw Ramnaresh Sarwan Marcus Trescothick (261) Andrew Flintoff (9)
2006 Shane Watson Chris Gayle Chris Gayle (474) Jerome Taylor (13)
2009 Shane Watson Ricky Ponting Ricky Ponting (288) Wayne Parnell (11)
2013 Ravindra Jadeja Shikhar Dhawan Shikhar Dhawan (363) Ravindra Jadeja (12)


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