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The science of deception

The science of deception

Aerodynamics, biomechanics, psychology, and pitching on a length: Erapalli Prasanna and Ian Chappell on the thrill and skill of spin bowling

INTERVIEW BY V RAMNARAYAN  |  OCTOBER 2014

Ian Chappell regards Erapalli Prasanna as the best slow bowler he faced, and Prasanna retains healthy respect for Chappelli’s proficiency against spin. Foxed by Prasanna in the first Test in Adelaide in 1967, Chappelli held on to his spot with 151 in the following Test, in Melbourne.Prasanna was happiest when batsmen attacked him, when they left the safety of the crease to reach for the ball; Chappelli knew that decisive footwork was the key to playing spin. Prasanna, who was successful on vastly different pitches in Australia and New Zealand, says a spinner must bowl length in all conditions; Chappelli, who starred in Australia’s series win in India in 1969-70, says batsmen should always stay positive.Their undiminished confidence, vast knowledge and delightful anecdotes led to a fascinating conversation nearly 45 years after they last played against each other.

V Ramnarayan: You’ve often said Prasanna is the best spinner you faced. Would you expand on that?

Ian Chappell: The thing that intrigued me was, I felt like he was trying to get me out every ball. So that made it an interesting challenge. Here in India in ’69, the difference between Pras and Bishan [Bedi] was, Pras was trying to get me out every ball whereas Bish was trying to tire me down and wait for me to get myself out. So it was enjoyable to bat against Pras.The other thing was his ability to flight the ball. We were having a beer after play one day and I said, “You little bastard, you’ve got a string tied to that ball. Every time it leaves your hand I say, I’m going to get to this one, and I get down there, and suddenly you pull on that string and drop the ball.”A lot of people talk about the blind spot for a batsman. Tiger O’Reilly, the great legspinner, said if he can curl it into middle and leg, that’s the blind spot for a right-handed batsman. At the Brabourne Stadium in the first Test in 1969, Pras threw this one up and I came charging down the track and I thought I had it covered and I went for this big drive. And I don’t know where it went. It just disappeared and the next thing I know I heard a clunk behind me and I was on my way.Throughout that tour in ’69, Doug Walters and I used to have this ongoing discussion/argument, “Who was the best spin bowler?” And he would say Bedi and I would say Prasanna. I saw Dougie only a few weeks ago and the argument started again. Who’s the best spinner? Prasanna or Bedi? I don’t think we’re ever going to resolve that argument.

IC: Mainly he says because the ball was spinning away. Also, Doug is the best player of offspin I’ve ever seen. He didn’t just survive against the really good offspinners. On his day, he scored quickly against them. And every time I hear a commentator say you shouldn’t cut offspin because you’re cutting against the spin, I feel like saying, “Go talk to Doug Walters, because he could cut offspin and he could cut it like nobody else.”

VR: You said your flighted ball was like a juicy half-volley but it was an appointment it never kept. How do you explain that?

Erapalli Prasanna: I wanted a batsman to come at me. You had one Sastry, Tamil Nadu opening batsman…

VR: Yeah, Harihara Sastry.

EP: Yes. He never used to play any strokes. He used to squat. His stance was like a frog’s. So the only way to get batsmen like him out was to get them to reach out.When you are bowling into the breeze, or even if the breeze is coming at 45 degrees, there is what is known as a fish effect, which is normally applied in aerodynamics. When you throw a Frisbee, it has got two-three elevations. When you try and catch it, it comes to you and then eludes you and then goes up. And once the revolutions are dying, that is the time it drops.So you apply that principle while bowling into the wind with a lot of spin. The ball climbs up. That is the time the batsman feels he can reach out and he comes out, commits himself, but the ball drops and that is the instant when the batsman invariably and inadvertently reaches out. That’s when it looks like someone is flying a kite – controlling the string.

VR: How can you do that when you’re bowling with the wind?

EP: That’s when you hold the ball back. You need to allow the ball to float in the air so that it can carry to the batsman. But again, the ball has to drop. So the spin on the ball, the RPMs, has to be more.

“I can’t think of anything more embarrassing than to be mesmerised and taunted by a spinner”

VR: How important is your arm speed when you’re doing that?

EP: The arm is always high. You’ve got to leave the ball at the highest point. The term “timing”, by and large these days, is used only for a batsman – when he transfers his weight from the back leg to the front leg. At the moment of striking the ball, he transfers his whole body weight through the bat to the ball.Bowlers also need timing. You transfer the weight at the release of the ball, at the highest point. Your weight has to go into the ball so that the ball traverses that distance.You should also have some intuition of where to bowl. If I want to bowl at the off stump, that intent has to be there. Like a batsman has to have the intent to middle the ball. The moment he feels he is middling the ball, he feels far more confident, he thinks he’s in business. As a bowler, the basic objective is to see that no batsman middles the ball.

VR: So you would be unhappy if a batsman middled you all the time?

EP: Yes. I always felt, on any good wicket, I might not be turning every delivery but I wanted one ball to turn immediately when I came on to bowl, so that I could get that psychological advantage. That’s when I was in business. After that, I may have only bowled straight ones – topspinners and what not – but the moment you turn one ball, you’re not allowing the batsman to play you comfortably.There is a lot of psychology involved. Once [in 1970-71] we played a tour game in Jamaica and Lawrence Rowe was one of the players everyone was talking about. He got off to a good start and even though I was bowling well, he was playing me comfortably. As he played each ball, he was also whistling (makes whistling sound). I was thinking, “What the hell, man?” The ball was hanging in the air and dipping but he was smothering the spin quite comfortably. So I went to the umpire and said, “Look, Lawrence is whistling and it is distracting my fieldsmen.” I think you will know – the Chinese…

IC: Oh, Douglas Sang Hue.

EP: Yeah. So he went up and said, “Lawrence, will you kindly stop whistling?” And Lawrence just looked at him and said, “Yeah okay.” Now when he faced the next ball, Lawrence wanted to whistle. His mind was on the whistling. And he was caught at forward short leg. So these are things you sometimes have to do. (laughs)Anyway, the fundamental point is – a spinner has to bowl length. Even if I didn’t turn the ball, it was okay. But I could set a field if I bowled length. You can’t set a field for a short ball.

EP: When a ball is in the air, it induces the batsman to come out. Now remember that a batsman can take maximum two steps to drive a ball. First hop, second hop. If he takes a third hop, I don’t think he can reach the ball – the ball would have gone past him. So once the batsman sees the ball in the air, it drags him out. He goes forward. When the ball dips and he reaches out, that is the best spot to bowl.And second, most importantly, every bowler must bowl to take a wicket. If he is not attempting to take a wicket, then no one will give him a wicket. There are three stumps in front of you, right? What are those for? They’re not for the batsman to find out where his off stump or leg stump is. No. They are the targets the bowler has been given. His objective has to be to bowl to the stumps.So when a batsman attempts to protect the ball from going to the stumps, there are many odds. You have the leg-before, caught behind, caught in the slips, caught and bowled… and various other types of taking a wicket. But the primary wicket-taking ball is the clean- bowled. That’s the intent with which you have to bowl.

VR: So what was your intention when facing a bowler of Prasanna’s ability?

IC: Well, in the end it was a battle of your brains and your wills. You knew there was so much thought going into what he was doing. The objective was to try and dictate terms. If you get to the point where you’re dictating the spin bowler’s field placings then he’s in trouble. And let me assure you, it never got to that point with Pras.I’ve always said if you’re facing a spin bowler and you can late-cut and square-cut successfully, then not only does the bowler have a problem but the captain has got a problem. Because what’s he going to do? Is he going to put one fielder behind point and one in front of point? If you’ve got a spin bowler who’s got two guys close in, plus a slip, he’s got three guys there. There’s a hell of a lot of playing area now for only six more guys. So you have to try and dictate terms to the point where you’re manipulating the field.

VR: Playing in the gaps…

IC: Yeah. using your feet properly. That doesn’t mean always coming way out of your crease. You’ve got to be quick forward and you’ve got to be quick back. One of the best examples of that is VVS Laxman in his 281 against Shane Warne. I mean, he was coming three metres out of his crease and the part that I found incredible was that he was not [hitting] on the full but from the half-volley. On a pitch that was turning a bit he was hitting Warne wide of mid-on. I mean, I just looked at that and thought, “How can you do that?”But he would do that and then Warne would go a little bit higher, a little bit shorter, hoping he would come out. And Laxman would be quickly onto his back foot, playing a pull shot. Now that makes life pretty difficult for a spin bowler, even one as good as Warne. To me that was the challenge of batting against good spinners. It was your brain against his brain, plus throw in the willpower.A lot of people think it can be embarrassing if you’re in trouble against a fast bowler. But I think it’s much more embarrassing if you’re in trouble against a spin bowler. You can mess around there for five-ten minutes and look really bad and everybody sitting in the crowd is saying, “Weird, why is he having trouble against a slow bowler?”

“As a bowler, the basic objective is to see that no batsman middles the ball”

Whereas if it’s whizzing past your nose at 95 miles per hour, the guys are saying, “Well, okay, I can understand why he’s got a problem.”So luckily, I was taught properly from a very young age to use my feet. But I would have hated to not be a good player of spin because I can’t think of anything more embarrassing than to be mesmerised and taunted by a spinner.

VR: The first time you played Prasanna was 1967-68?

IC: Adelaide, I reckon. He got me caught ten or 12 yards from mid-on. I don’t know what I was doing. I was on the back foot and just hit it straight to the guy. I remember talking to my father afterwards and he said, “What the hell were you doing?” And I said, “Martin, I’m not really sure what I was doing.”I wasn’t really sure of myself as a Test player. I made a lot of runs in Shield cricket and I made a lot of runs against Test match bowlers. But I hadn’t convinced myself at that point that I was good enough for Test cricket. I then got 151 in the next game in Melbourne – with a little help from the Indian fielders. That sort of helped a bit, getting that hundred. But it wasn’t until against England in ’68 that I started to feel I was good enough to play at this level. So the guy Pras bowled to in ’67-68 was quite a different player to the one who came here in ’69.

VR: Would you rather face a fast bowler from one end and a spinner from the other? Or would that be more of a challenge than two spinners at the same time?

IC: I suppose it would depend where you’re playing. Two spinners like Pras and Bish on that pitch in Delhi in ’69… that was a handful because it spun right from the first ball. But let’s say a pitch in Australia – if you’ve got a good quickie at one end and a good spinner at the other – as a captain I quite liked to do that after a break because even if a batsman is 50 or 60 and playing well, he’s got to start again, and what you’re doing is testing out his footwork. He’s got to use different footwork against a quickie to the spinner. So you’re sending him a pretty tough examination straight after a break.

VR: Was it a challenge to bowl on Australian wickets?

EP: Yes, it was not like Indian wickets, where you can turn the ball. One encouraging factor on Australian wickets was bounce. So you had to utilise that bounce. Australian cricket is a challenge because of their positive approach. They attack you. On their bouncy wickets, the basic thing was to get batsmen to drive.

VR: You bowled a fuller length in Australia?

EP: No, you have to bowl length everywhere. There is nothing like fuller length, shorter length and whatnot. As Ian explained already, if you are going to allow the batsman to cut or pull, whether the ball is keeping low or there is bounce, there is no value at all. So bottom line is, you have to bowl length. The Australian wickets encourage you to do that.If you bowl length, there is always purchase. There is purchase because the batsmen are also counter-attacking. They are not prodding. They want runs. I bowled against Ian and Ian Redpath and Walters. They were always decisive, smothering and manoeuvring your bowling. They were always looking for runs. So it was an interesting contest between your approach to taking wickets and their approach to preventing that and getting runs.

IC: You’ve always been a great one for the higher you hit up the bat the higher it goes into the air, yeah?

EP: If you allow a batsman to hit the ball from the meat of the bat…

IC: It’s going into the stands?

EP: Yeah, it could go anywhere. So either you hit the top of the bat or the bottom of the bat. That’s why you need to control the bounce.When a batsman attempts to drive on the rise, he can only loft the ball if there is nothing happening off the wicket. If the ball comes straight to you, you can loft it just like a golfer. If the ball deviates even a little, then it is difficult.

VR: On that tour to Australia in 1967-68 you took 25 wickets, and you took another 24 in New Zealand where the conditions were different.

EP: In Australia the wickets and the approach of their batsmen also helped, because they were trying to dominate. And I liked to dominate. So the equation was either you win or I win. Eventually they got runs and I got wickets too. But in New Zealand it was almost like English conditions. The ball was softish but turning viciously. And they were big sweepers. So anything that was pitched slightly away from the off stump, they latched on to. So it helped me because I had that ball drifting away and many people got the outside edge.

VR: Today even mistimed shots go for six. How would you tackle that?

EP: Mistimed shots are part of the game. As a bowler, you have to accept that fours and sixes will be scored. Whether you attempt to bowl tight or not, runs will be scored. In many present-day matches, it looks as if bowlers are keeping it tight. But eventually after ten overs you’ll see they have conceded 60 runs without taking a wicket. Whereas if I were to bowl ten overs I would be very happy to concede 50-odd runs if I can take three wickets. If I take three wickets, it won’t be for 60 because one way of controlling runs is to take wickets.So one can’t worry about the mishit. What I worry about these days are bowlers who have a negative approach because they don’t want to give runs. That is next to impossible because without conceding runs you can’t get wickets. When you concede runs, you’re making a batsman attempt a stroke, correct? Only when he attempts a stroke will you have a good chance of taking a wicket. So allow a batsman to make strokes but don’t allow him to get easy runs. Let him use his intelligence.

IC: It was interesting in the first World Cup in England, in ’75, at every press conference the English press would say to me: “Australia don’t know how to play one-day cricket.” They’d say because it’s a containing game and you guys attack too much. And I’d say, “Mate, have you found a better way to contain than getting a batsman out? I’ve never seen anybody sitting in the pavilion and scoring runs. You send him back there, you’re containing him.”That’s why I like Pras’ attitude. Particularly in one-day cricket in those middle overs, if you got a spinner who can get you wickets… I mean Peter Taylor was a very average offspinner in Test cricket but he was smart enough to realise that in one-day cricket these guys are coming after him and he would always take a couple of wickets in those middle overs, and that slowed the scoring. So all this bollocks that it’s a game of containment… the best way you contain is to get fellows out.

VR: While we say modern bats are heavier, your career lasted about 20 years – so you too adapted to different conditions. The bats got better even while you were playing…

EP: Yes, bats got better. You had a batsman like Clive Lloyd – the first man to tour India with a bat with an extra-long handle. It weighed 3.8 pounds or something. But when I bowled at him I never thought of his bat with an extra-long handle or the 3.8 pounds or the fact that he was Clive Lloyd. No, my objective was to get him out. That’s it. The moment you think you are bowling to XYZ, your body freezes and you can’t even complete your action.Another important thing I must mention. I was able to succeed in Australia and New Zealand and many other places because I had a wonderful captain [Mansur Ali Khan Pataudi]. These days I feel sorry for spinners who have the talent but unfortunately are being used as stop bowlers. It is imperative that you have an understanding captain.

“As a bowler, you have to accept that fours and sixes will be scored. Only when a batsman attempts a stroke will you have a good chance of taking a wicket”

VR: What happens if you’re playing under a captain who doesn’t have that understanding?

EP: Let me give you an example. One time Ajit Wadekar was the captain and Wadekar comes from Bombay. Bombay cricket has always believed in the defensive approach. If they bat first, they want to score 500 runs and let that 500 work on the opponents.So we were playing against Tony Lewis’ side in Madras [in 1972-73] and Wadekar gives me the ball and he says, “Bowl tight.”Now there were still one and a half days of cricket left and England had wiped out the lead. So if I had bowled tight, the game may have gone to the next day but we would have lost. So I refused. Then he got wild. I said, “Don’t worry, leave it to me, don’t tell me what I should bowl.” He said, “Fair enough.”In the next seven overs, I took four wickets for six runs. They were bowled out. We won by four wickets.

IC: You bowled tight…

EP: (Laughs) Yes, just six runs in seven overs with four wickets!

VR: Given your style of captaincy, Prasanna would have been a spinner’s dream.

IC: Any bowler who could get me wickets. I mean, any captain who doesn’t think that way is a dope. If you’re not playing to win the game, I don’t understand what you are doing.You know, there are many great things about Dennis Lillee but one of the most important things I’d say is that Dennis Lillee never asked me for a defensive fielder. It was always an extra slip or a bat-pad, it was always a fielder to try to get a wicket. Dennis Lillee didn’t worry about his average or anything. It was, “How can I get a wicket?” As a captain you are happy as hell to have those folks.

VR: Who was the best spinner in your team?

IC: Ashley Mallett, by a mile. I’ll never forget: Greg [Chappell] had just moved from South Australia to Queensland [in 1973-74]. So it was the first time we were playing against each other. And obviously Mallett and I, we had played with Greg a lot in South Australia. That year in Adelaide they thought they were running out of black soil, and they mixed this red clay dust with the black soil. Of course it didn’t bind, so Ashley was happy as hell it was spinning.Greg came in at No. 3 and Rowdy [Mallett] was bowling. And Greg went whack! bang! and he hit Rowdy over the top and took about 18 off the over. Then I thought, “Hang on, what’s going on here? Greg doesn’t play like this.” And I thought to myself, he wants me to take Mallett off.Anyway, the next three overs Ashley bowled to him was just magnificent bowling: three maidens in a row to Greg. And Greg had to fight like hell to stay in, forget about hitting him over the top. That night we were having a beer after play. I went up to Greg and I said, “Mate, you didn’t expect me to do something stupid out there, did you?” And he said, “I was hoping you would [take Mallett off].” And I said, “Mate, no chance.”Mallett had the same attitude as Pras. He wasn’t put off by someone attacking him. That made him bowl better.

VR: You were a legspinner yourself…

IC: Part-time.

VR: Did you bowl with a bowler’s mind?

IC: Imran Khan wrote in one of his books that to be a good captain you had to understand bowling. It definitely helped that I had done a bit of bowling.I thought Bill Lawry was a very good captain. I learnt a lot about captaincy from Bill, not just playing under him for Australia but batting against Victoria when he was captain. But I think the only spinner Bill had faith in was Johnny Gleeson. He didn’t have a lot of faith in Ashley Mallett. Bill didn’t understand you can bowl a bad ball without intending to.I mean, Mallett’s first delivery in Test cricket – in the fifth Test at The Oval in 1968 – he’s bowling to Colin Cowdrey. He runs up, obviously he’s a bit nervous, and he bowls. It wasn’t a waist-high full toss, it was a low one, sort of down ankle height, and Cowdrey puts him away through midwicket for four. And Bill walks over to Ashley and says, “You bowl another ball like that and I’ll kick you up the arse.” I mean, the bloke’s playing his first Test!I think Bill’s attitude was – no one gives me easy runs when I’m batting, so we’re not going to give them any. He certainly didn’t get the best out of Mallett, although to be fair to Bill he used him very well in India when he got 28 wickets in the series. So he certainly had faith in him at that point.It did help that I bowled a bit. Also in the South Australia side, I had not only Mallett but I had Terry Jenner. And they took a hell of a lot of wickets. I had played under Les Favell and I had seen the way Les used David Sincock, Mallett, Jenner. If David Sincock had played Test cricket under Favell or Richie Benaud, he would have been a lot better off. Bob Simpson did not understand his type of bowling.

VR: You were talking about the shoulder being the main thing in bowling. But offspin bowling these days is more about the arm.

EP: That’s because everyone’s intention is to restrict the rate of scoring. Everyone thinks that by bowling fast, they are curtailing the run rate. Adding insult to injury, the ICC have changed the rule, accommodating that 15 degrees [of flex]. So the utilisation of the shoulder has lost its bearing. If the shoulder points one way, the ball will go that way. You can’t bowl with the arm. Basically cricket is a side-on game. You can’t throw a ball from the boundary with an open chest. It won’t even go half the distance. It has to be side-on. Everything has to be side-on. The shoulder is the guiding force.

VR: So a lot of bowlers are not using their body fully?

EP: No, because they don’t realise this is a side-on game. Some bowlers have succeeded with an open chest. But you’ve got to see the batsman over the left shoulder. Only then will the left shoulder drop and the right shoulder go up.

IC: Didn’t you have a big swivel?

EP: Yeah. It’s like putting out a cigarette butt. You step on it and then pivot your body. When you pivot you use a little bit of your waist and also your shoulder.

VR: Having watched you a lot, Pras, I think you also gained from a nice bounding run-up.

EP: The run-up is where you gather pace. You cannot land with your left foot parallel to the popping crease. Then you can’t move. If you see Glenn McGrath, he used his left leading foot for direction.For a spinner, when you pivot on your left toe… that force is the one that drags you into the follow-through. The amount of twist that you give at that point is the dragging force for your body to move forward. That is when your body is ready to take a caught and bowled.If you observe Warne, he walked to the crease. But if you take the last segment of his bowling action, you’ll see how the full effort was there. That helped him follow through.

VR: There’s a traditional thinking that an offspinner cannot survive today without the doosra.

EP: The doosra is also another form of deception, isn’t it? Whatever you do, you need deception. Either you hit the bottom or the top of the bat.

IC: Admittedly I didn’t face a bowler who bowled the one that went the other way, but if you ask me if I would prefer to face a good, traditional offspinner like a Prasanna, Mallett or a Swann, who bowled the one that turned and the one that went straight on, I would say I’d much rather face the guy who bowls the doosra. Now I can’t pick Pras or Mallett or Swann when they bowl an offbreak and then they virtually bowl with the same action and it goes straight on.But if you’re making one spin the other way, you’ve got to do something different. And if I’m earning my living as a batsman and I can’t see what the guy is doing to make it go the other way then I shouldn’t be earning my living as a batsman.The other thing about the one that goes the other way is, you’ve got to change your line. Because if an offspinner is bowling to a right-hander, however far he’s spinning the ball, he’s pitching the ball outside off so it’s going to come back and hit the top of off. If he bowls the one that goes the other way in the same spot, I have no problem. So he has got to change his line, and even if you’re a dope and you’re not seeing something different [in his action], if he suddenly changes his line, a few alarm bells are going to ring, aren’t they?See Saqlain [Mushtaq] was a terrific offspinner for a while and then he just fell in love with the other one, and I reckon that ruined his bowling. I thought he was a terrific offspinner.

EP: Too good. He was probably the best at that time. When he was bowling offspin, he was bowling good length all the time. The moment he started bowling the doosra, he was slightly shorter. So then, whenever he wanted to bowl the offbreak, he couldn’t bowl that shorter length. That’s where he lost his basic confidence. But he was a terrific bowler.

“A sweep is a desperate shot. A good batsman will never sweep. He’ll smother the spin and play in the gaps for twos and ones”

VR: You had a ball that swung out?

EP: An offspinner must aim to bowl to the fourth stump. You want the batsman to come forward and to reach out. You make the ball drift away to create doubt in the batsman’s mind.

IC: What Pras is saying about deception is interesting because I’ve heard Richie Benaud say it thousands of times: “It’s the subtle variations that are most important.” When the ball doesn’t quite arrive at the same time or in the same length as you’re expecting – that comes through the subtle variations. The subtle variations are not easy to pick – if they’re pickable at all.

VR: Who were the batsmen who were a real challenge for you?

EP: Ian challenged me all the time. Doug Walters is another. I always felt there was a good chance of getting Doug out within 20 runs because he was studying you all the time. After 20 runs, god help you, because as Ian said, he could cut and pull any time.There was Ian Redpath. Players like Garry Sobers, Vivian Richards. There was no way you could back out. You attack, they attack, you win or they win.In my first Test against West Indies [1962] as a second-year engineering student, I was the youngest player in the team. I was asked to play in Jamaica because quite a few players had injuries, and looking at the wicket, quite a few didn’t want to play.I had to bowl against Frank Worrell, Easton McMorris, Rohan Kanhai, Sobers, Joe Solomon, Conrad Hunte… My captain, Nari Contractor, gave me the ball and said, “You think you can bowl?” I said, “Why not?” I bowled and I took three wickets. My intention, even at that time, was to get batsmen out. So the bottom line is, you’ve got to have a big heart. If I were to be 35-40 years younger, with these heavy bats, I would have still bowled the same way. Somebody asked me how I would have bowled to Sachin Tendulkar, Virender Sehwag. I said, if I were to play against them – and I am not trying to boast – I think I would have done okay.

IC: Who was the better player of spin bowling? Tendulkar or [Brian] Lara?

EP: I think Lara.

IC: Seriously, I felt the same. I loved watching the way he played spin bowling.

EP: Tendulkar was a little impetuous; he wanted to kill you right away. Lara allowed you to bowl and also he could get runs.

IC: Lara’s first Test century, 277 in Sydney – 38 fours, no sixes. He just hit the ball along the ground into the gaps. Lovely footwork.V

VR: What’s the most critical thing while playing spin?

IC: I think to be able to use your feet is critical. I hate to think I have to play a spinner pinned to the crease. But it’s no good saying to some 25-year-old who’s come into Test cricket, when he’s about to face Shane Warne or Graeme Swann, that you’ve got to use your feet. If he hasn’t learnt how to use his feet properly, they’re going to knock him over.You’ve got to be decisive. You’ve got to use your brain. I remember the first time I faced Intikhab Alam, a pretty decent legspinner, and it was ’71-72 when he was playing for the Rest of the World. He bowled about ten overs to me, went through his whole repertoire. He started working me over around off stump, then moved to middle and then went to leg and then he went back again to all three. I was aware of the fact that he was changing his line, and I got through ten overs.He never got me out again in my career. And I faced Intikhab quite a lot. I think those ten overs were the reason why he never got me out, because he tested everything I had and he didn’t get through. And I think I won the psychological battle.As a batsman, particularly against spin, you’ve got to have a pretty fair idea of how the guy is trying to get you out. I saw Kevin Pietersen batting against Shane Warne and Warne got him with the one that went straight on – I think he played with a gap in the middle and it went through and bowled him. And I saw Pietersen in the second innings and I thought, “Mate, you haven’t worked out how he’s trying to get you because he’s trying to get you out the same way again. And I don’t like your chances.” So, batting against spin it’s important to think along with the spinner and hopefully be one step ahead of him.See, the Englishmen, if they’re up against a wristspinner, they’re trying to pick him off the pitch. Well, good luck! You might survive but you’re not in position to deal with the slightly loose ball, and even the good ball. I’d hate to be making my decisions once the ball is pitched, because I’m not sure if it’s going this way or that. As the ball leaves the wristspinner’s hand, you’ve got to know what it is.You see, if I was playing against Warne, I would try and score on the on side because Shane left gaps there. He was trying to invite you to score there. Now I remember Gooch was playing his legbreaks – just playing them without scoring – and as soon as he bowled a wrong ‘un he went bang and hit it for a six.And one of the Englishmen in the press box said to me, “Well, Gooch is playing Warne well”, and I said, “Yeah, good for Gooch but no good for the team.” He said, “What do you mean?” I said, “Well, he’s hitting Warne for six, you think that’s going to bother Warne? And more importantly, who’s he bowling to next ball? He’s bowling to Gooch.” But if you can get singles… Ask Pras. If I’m facing Pras this ball, and the next ball he’s bowling to Ian Redpath, and the next ball he’s bowling to me, it’s much harder for him.I’ve got to find a way to score, and off the really good bowlers that may mean I’m just trying to score singles. And the thing about scoring singles off Warne – sooner or later, he’s going to get frustrated. That’s when he’s going to try a few extra things, and that’s when you will get some fours.

VR: You always set your own fields…

EP: Yes, 99% of the time. I’ll give you one example from the Test we won against West Indies in Chennai [in 1974-75]. I had taken four wickets already and the right-handed Bernard Julien came in at No. 8. He looked very tense. I was about to bowl over the stumps but I stopped. I didn’t even look at Tiger Pataudi, our captain, and asked Eknath Solkar at forward short leg to go five yards away from the on-side umpire – because if Julien lapped the ball, it would go there.”What are you doing?” Tiger said when he saw there was no close-in fieldsman on the on side. I expected this because he was a staunch believer in not wasting time when it came to tailenders. I said, no, I’ll go around the stumps. He ran up and swore at me. For the first time in my career he gave me the dirty Tiger look.Anyway, I bowled round the wicket. I knew Julien was trying to get off strike, so I bowled a beautifully flighted ball and went towards short mid-on. He tried to hit me through there and I took the caught and bowled. Tiger came all the way to me and said, “Genius, what did you do?” I said, “This is what I do.”You’ve got to be authoritative. If you know your bowling, you will know how to set a field.

VR: You liked bowling to batsmen who swept you?

EP: A sweep is a desperate shot. A good batsman will never sweep. He’ll smother the spin and play in the gaps for twos and ones. Someone who sweeps is not sure what he wants to do.I never had a deep fine leg. I had a squarish one because I was bowling on the fourth stump at a good length. From there if a batsman wants to lap, it won’t go fine, it will go square.

VR: Ian, what do you think of batsmen who sweep?

IC: I didn’t sweep much early in my career, but as you get older and your legs don’t work quite as well, I swept a bit more. I also swept [Derek] Underwood a lot because he was too quick to come down the track to and he was damn hard to score off for right-handed batsmen.

EP: You heard him? He said, “It was difficult to score off his bowling.” And he swept him in desperation – that is the word, basically. He wanted to change the rhythm of his bowling.

IC: And Underwood hated being swept. That was the other reason. Also Phil Edmonds – I only faced him once or twice but he was quite easy to sweep. He bowled outside the off stump and when I swept from there, it went in front of square leg. And for some reason he always had a guy behind square.As a batsman you’ve got to have an understanding of why a spin bowler has blokes in certain positions. I remember as a young guy facing Tony Lock. I was only 18 or 19, and Locky was a pretty accurate bowler and I worked out that I am not going to be able to hit a lot of fours off this guy. So I’ve got to work him around and get singles. And I noticed he always had a guy at deep-backward square leg for me. And I felt that’s interesting because I didn’t sweep, not at that stage. And I felt that’s a bonus for me because that’s one totally wasted fielder.So I was wondering whether he had that field placing for me or if that was just a standard field placing. We were playing New South Wales a couple of games later and Doug Walters was about the same age as me, and so I went and sat next to Doug and started talking to him. I said, “When you’re playing against Locky, does he have a guy out for the sweep?” Because I knew Doug didn’t sweep, not even later in his career. He said, “Yeah, he does.” So immediately I knew that it was a standard field placing for Locky. It tells you a little bit about the bowler.And another thing. Lance Gibbs came to play in South Australia in ’69-70. And I played one club game with Gibbsy for Glenelg. I was the captain of the side, and Ashley Woodcock, a South Australian opener who was a very good player of pace bowling but not so good against spin, was batting. So I said to Gibbsy, mate we’re going to have a silly mid-off, we’re going to have a bat-pad, and Gibbsy said, no, no, we’ll have a guy at 45. I said, no mate, if this bloke is not confident against spin, we’ve got to have those fielders close in. But he said no.So that told me Gibbsy wasn’t keen to have guys around the bat, which was very handy when I played him a few years later at the Queen’s Park Oval [in 1973]. The ball was turning and there was just one guy around the bat, and I was thinking, he’s got no chance.

VR: What was your favourite mode of dismissal?

EP: The bowled. The rest is a batsman’s mistake. My credit is only the bowled.

IC: So the one that curves away and spins back, that’s the one?

EP: Yes, when people are committed already and the natural reflex is for the bat to go towards the ball. That’s enough.

VR: What about the batsman trying to drive you on the off side and getting caught at short leg?

EP: Same thing. When you’re inviting a batsman, you’ve got to get him to drive. Whether it’s a cover drive or an on-drive, he has to reach for it. The greatest ball is the one when you invite the batsman to cover-drive, when he’s halfway through the stroke and realises it’s not there yet.

VR: And that’s a dreadful feeling…

IC: It’s not a very good sound – the sound I heard at the Brabourne Stadium in 1969.

V Ramnarayan is an author, translator and teacher. He bowled offspin for Hyderabad and South Zone in the 1970s

Article courtesy – espncricinfo.com

DA Warner completes 10000 runs in the history of Twenty20 games

DA Warner completes 10000 runs in the history of Twenty20 games

DA Warner completed 10000 runs in T20 games when he was on 40 during the course of his knock of 57 in the game between Sunrisers and Chennai Super Kings at Delhi on 28 Apr 2021. At the end of the game his  run aggregate read 10017. He has represented the following teams in Twenty20 games. Australia, Australia A, Delhi Daredevils, Durham, Middlesex, New South Wales, Northern Districts, St Lucia Stars, Sunrisers Hyderabad, Sydney Sixers, Sydney Thunder, Sylhet Sixers

DA Warner became the fourth batsman in the history of Twenty20 games to score 10000 plus runs. The others are – CH Gayle, KA Pollard and Shoaib Malik. The following table lists the performance of these four batsmen as of 29.04.21

PlayerMatInnsNORunsHSCHC
CH Gayle42241404913839175*2286
KA Pollard540480140107101040152
Shoaib Malik4173891061048895*0064
DA Warner30430303810017135*0882

DA Warner’s 57 in the game between Sunrisers and Chennai Super Kings at Delhi on 28 Apr 2021 provides his 90th fifty – 08 Centuries and 82 half centuries in Twenty20 games. He became the second batsman to score 90 fifties in the history of Twenty20 games after CH Gayle. CH Gayle has scored  108 fifties – 22 Centuries and 86 half centuries

It’s unfortunate that the media and TV Commentators failed to pick up this important stats of one of the most exciting batsman in the history of T20 games

All round feat of scoring a fifty and capturing three or more wickets in Indian Premier League

All round feat of scoring a fifty and capturing three or more wickets in Indian Premier League

Chennai Super Kings’ RA Jadeja’s scored  62 not out and capturing 3 for 13 against Royal Challengers Bangalore at Mumbai on 25.04.21. His feat provides the 13th occasion of a cricketer performing the all round feat of scoring a fifty and capturing three plus wickets in the same match in the history of Indian Premier League. All such occasions are tabulated below

NoPlayerTeamRunsWktsOppVenueDate
1Pathan YKRaj563/22Che  Mumbai01.06.08
2Watson SRRaj523/10DelhiMumbai30.05.08
3Yuvraj SinghPun503/22BanDurban01.05.09
4Valthaty PCPun754/29DecHyd-RGS16.04.11
5Yuvraj SinghPune664/29DelhiMumbai17.04.11
6Watson SRRaj893/19MumMumbai20.05.11
7Gayle CHBan1073/21PunBangalore06.05.11
8Pollard KAMum644/44RajMumbai11.04.12
9Yuvraj SinghBan834/35RajBangalore11.05.14
10Duminy J-PDelhi544/17SunVizag18.04.15
11Stoinis MPPun523/40DelhiMohali07.05.16
12Pandya HHMum503/28BanBangalore01.05.18
13Jadeja RChe62*3/13BanMumbai25.04.21

Yuvraj Singh is the only cricketer  to perform such a feat on three occasions. All such feats are tabulated below. He has performed the feat representing three teams – Punjab, Pune and Bangalore

NoPlayerTeamRunsWktsOppVenueDate
1Yuvraj SinghPun503/22BanDurban01.05.09
2Yuvraj SinghPune664/29DelhiMumbai17.04.11
3Yuvraj SinghBan834/35RajBangalore11.05.14

Wankede Stadium, Mumbai  has witnessed the  feat on six occasions. All such occasions are tabulated below

NoPlayerTeamRunsWktsOppVenueDate
1Pathan YKRaj563/22Che  Mumbai01.06.08
2Watson SRRaj523/10DelhiMumbai30.05.08
3Yuvraj SinghPune664/29DelhiMumbai17.04.11
4Watson SRRaj893/19MumMumbai20.05.11
5Pollard KAMum644/44RajMumbai11.04.12
6Jadeja RChe62*3/13CheMumbai25.04.21
Centurions in T20 Internationals – Babar Azam of Pakistan joins the list

Centurions in T20 Internationals – Babar Azam of Pakistan joins the list

Babar Azam of Pakistan scored 122 against South Africa at Centurion on 14.04.21 to provide the 59th occasion of a batsman scoring a century in the history of Twenty20 Internationals. All such occasions are tabulated below. It also provides the tenth occasion of a captain scoring a century in Twenty 20 Internationals.

NoPlayerRunsITeamOppGroundStart Date
1CH Gayle1171WinRSAJo’burg11 Sep 2007
2BB McCullum116*1NZlAusChristchurch28 Feb 2010
3SK Raina1011IndRSAGros Islet02 May 2010
4M Jayawardene1001SrlZimProvidence03 May 2010
5TM Dilshan104*1SrlAusPallekele06 Aug 2011
6RE Levi117*2RSANZlHamilton19 Feb 2012
7RD Berrington1001ScoBanThe Hague24 Jul 2012
8BB McCullum1231NZlBanPallekele21 Sep 2012
9MJ Guptill101*2NZlRSAE London23 Dec 2012
10AJ Finch1561AusEngSouthampton29 Aug 2013
11AD Hales116*2EngSrlChattogram27 Mar 2014
12A Shehzad111*1PakBanDhaka30 Mar 2014
13F du Plessis1191RSAWinJo’burg11 Jan 2015
14MN van Wyk114*1RSAWinDurban14 Jan 2015
15RG Sharma1061IndRSADharamsala02 Oct 2015
16Mohd Shahzad118*1AfgZimSharjah10 Jan 2016
17SR Watson124*1AusIndSydney31 Jan 2016
18Babar Hayat1222HKGOmanFatullah19 Feb 2016
19Tamim Iqbal103*1BanOmanDharamsala13 Mar 2016
20CH Gayle100*2WinEngMumbai16 Mar 2016
21E Lewis1001WinIndLauderhill27 Aug 2016
22KL Rahul110*2IndWinLauderhill27 Aug 2016
23GJ Maxwell145*1AusSrlPallekele06 Sep 2016
24C Munro1011NZlBanMt Maunganui06 Jan 2017
25S Anwar117*1UAEPNG.Abu Dhabi14 Apr 2017
26E Lewis125*2WinIndKingston09 Jul 2017
27DA Miller101*1RSABanPotchefstroom29 Oct 2017
28C Munro109*1NZlIndRajkot04 Nov 2017
29RG Sharma1181IndSrlIndore22 Dec 2017
30C Munro1041NZlWinMt Maunganui03 Jan 2018
31GJ Maxwell103*2AusEngHobart07 Feb 2018
32MJ Guptill1051NZlAusAuckland16 Feb 2018
33AJ Finch1721AusZimHarare03 Jul 2018
34KL Rahul101*2IndEngManchester03 Jul 2018
35RG Sharma100*2IndEngBristol08 Jul 2018
36RG Sharma111*1IndWinLucknow06 Nov 2018
37R Sandaruwan1032KuwBahAl Amerat23 Jan 2019
38H Zazai162*1AfgIreDehradun23 Feb 2019
39GJ Maxwell113*2AusIndBengaluru27 Feb 2019
40TP Ura107*1PNGPhiP Moresby23 Mar 2019
41Awais Ahmed102*1ESPMalCartagena30 Mar 2019
42R Singh1011CanCIsS Parish18 Aug 2019
43JP Kotze101*1NamBotWindhoek20 Aug 2019
44S Periyalwar105*1RomTurIlfov County29 Aug 2019
45S Wick’sekara104*1CZRTurIlfov County30 Aug 2019
46Bilal Zalmai111*1AutCze.Ilfov County01 Sep 2019
47HG Munsey127*1ScoNetDublin-M16 Sep 2019
48P Khadka106*2NepSinSingapore28 Sep 2019
49PK Matautaava1031VanMalK Lumpur01 Oct 2019
50KJ O’Brien1241IreHKGAl Amerat07 Oct 2019
51LA Dunbar104*1SerBulCorfu14 Oct 2019
52S Davizi1011CZRMalMarsa20 Oct 2019
53DA Warner100*1AusSrlAdelaide27 Oct 2019
54DJ Malan103*1EngNZlNapier08 Nov 2019
55G Malla1071NepBhuKirtipur05 Dec 2019
56Shaheryar Butt125*1BelCZRWalferdange29 Aug 2020
57GD Phillips1081NZlWinMt Maunganui29 Nov 2020
58Mohd Rizwan104*1PakRSALahore11 Feb 2021
59Babar Azam1222PakRSACenturion14 Apr 2021
        
NoPlayerRunsITeamOppGroundStart Date
1TM Dilshan104*1SrlAusPallekele06 Aug 2011
2F du Plessis1191RSAWinJo’burg11 Jan 2015
3SR Watson124*1AusIndSydney31 Jan 2016
4RG Sharma1181IndSrlIndore22 Dec 2017
5AJ Finch1721AusZimHarare03 Jul 2018
6RG Sharma111*1IndWinLucknow06 Nov 2018
7P Khadka106*2NepSinSingapore28 Sep 2019
8G Malla1071NepBhuKirtipur05 Dec 2019
9Shaheryar Butt125*1BelCZRWalferdange29 Aug 2020
10Babar Azam1222PakRSACenturion14 Apr 2021

The following table lists the batsmen who have scored centuries on two or more occasions. RG Sharma of India owns rhe record for most centuries – four. He is followed by C Munro and GJ Maxwell who have scored three centuries. AJ Finch remains the only batsman in the history of T20Is to score 150 plus runs on two occasions. RG Sharma is the only captain to score centuries on two occasions.

NoPlayerRunsITeamOppGroundStart Date
1RG Sharma1061IndRSADharamsala02 Oct 2015
2RG Sharma1181IndSrlIndore22 Dec 2017
3RG Sharma100*2IndEngBristol08 Jul 2018
4RG Sharma111*1IndWinLucknow06 Nov 2018
        
1C Munro1011NZlBanMt Maunganui06 Jan 2017
2C Munro109*1NZlIndRajkot04 Nov 2017
3C Munro1041NZlWinMt Maunganui03 Jan 2018
        
1GJ Maxwell145*1AusSrlPallekele06 Sep 2016
2GJ Maxwell103*2AusEngHobart07 Feb 2018
3GJ Maxwell113*2AusIndBengaluru27 Feb 2019
        
1AJ Finch1561AusEngSouthampton29 Aug 2013
2AJ Finch1721AusZimHarare03 Jul 2018
        
1BB McCullum116*1NZlAusChristchurch28 Feb 2010
2BB McCullum1231NZlBanPallekele21 Sep 2012
        
1CH Gayle1171WinRSAJo’burg11 Sep 2007
2CH Gayle100*2WinEngMumbai16 Mar 2016
        
1E Lewis1001WinIndLauderhill27 Aug 2016
2E Lewis125*2WinIndKingston09 Jul 2017
        
1KL Rahul110*2IndWinLauderhill27 Aug 2016
2KL Rahul101*2IndEngManchester03 Jul 2018
        
1MJ Guptill101*2NZlRSAE London23 Dec 2012
2MJ Guptill1051NZlAusAuckland16 Feb 2018
        
NoPlayerRunsITeamOppGroundStart Date
1RG Sharma1181IndSrlIndore22 Dec 2017
2RG Sharma111*1IndWinLucknow06 Nov 2018

Babar Azam became the third Pakistan batsman and the first Pakistan captain to score century in Twenty20 Internationals. All such occasions are tabulated below.Babar Azam’s 122  is the highest score for Pakistan in T20Is.

NoPlayerRunsITeamOppGroundStart Date
1A Shehzad111*1PakBanDhaka30 Mar 2014
2Mohd Rizwan104*1PakRSALahore11 Feb 2021
3Babar Azam1222PakRSACenturion14 Apr 2021
        
NoPlayerRunsITeamOppGroundStart Date
1Babar Azam1222PakRSACenturion14 Apr 2021
One batsman scoring a century and another a ninety in the same innings in one day internationals

One batsman scoring a century and another a ninety in the same innings in one day internationals

Pakistan’s Fakhar Zaman {101} and Babar Azam {94} scored a century and a ninety in the third one day game against South Africa at Centurion on 07.04.21 to provide the 91st occasion of one batsman scoring a century and another scoring a ninety in the annals of one day game in the same innings. All such occasions are tabulated below. The list includes one occasion of two batsmen scoring nineties with one batsman scoring a century and also one occasion of two batsmen scoring centuries with one batsman scoring ninety.

NoPlayersTeamOPPGroundDate
1Wood GM (91)AusNZlMelbourne13.02.83
 Smith SB (117)AusNZlMelbourne13.02.83
      
2Srikkanth K (99)IndEngCuttack27.12.84
 Shastri RJ (102)IndEngCuttack27.12.84
      
3Jones DM (99*)AusSrlAdelaide28.01.85
 Border AR (118*)AusSrlAdelaide28.01.85
      
4Gooch GA (91)EngNZlManchester18.07.86
 Athey CWJ (142*)EngNZlManchester18.07.86
      
5Marsh GR (93)AusEngBrisbane18.01.87
 Jones DM (101)AusEngBrisbane18.01.87
      
6Saeed Anwar (104*)PakAusRawalpindi22.10.94
 Inzamam (91*)PakAusRawalpindi22.10.94
      
7Parore AC (96)NZlIndVadodara28.10.94
 Rutherford KR (108)NZlIndVadodara28.10.94
      
8Mahanama RS (108)SrlZimHarare05.11.94
 de Silva PA (97*)SrlZimHarare05.11.94
      
9Law SG (110)AusZimHobart08.12.94
 Boon DC (98*)AusZimHobart08.12.94
      
10Kirsten,G (106)RSAIndSharjah14.04.96
 Cronje WJ (90)RSAIndSharjah14.04.96
      
11Waugh ME (102)AusWinBrisbane05.01.97
 Law SG (93)AusWinBrisbane05.01.97
      
12Kallis JH (109*)RSAPakDurban03.04.98
 Rhodes JN (94*)RSAPakDurban03.04.98
      
13Lambert CB (119)WinEngTrinidad08.04.98
 Lara BC (93)WinEngTrinidad08.04.98
      
14Hick GA (108)EngAusSydney17.01.99
 Hussain N (93)EngAusSydney17.01.99
      
15Kallis JH (100)RSANZlAucland27.03.99
 Cullinan DJ (94)RSANZlAucland27.03.99
      
16Gilchrist AC (92)AusIndAdelaide26.01.00
 Waugh ME (116)AusIndAdelaide26.01.00
      
17Goodwin MW (112*)ZimWinCh-le-St16.07.00
 Flower GW (96*)ZimWinCh-le-St16.07.00
      
18Kirsten G (94)RSANZlCenturion25.10.00
 Boje N (129)RSANZlCenturion25.10.00
      
19Kirsten G (101)RSANZlKimberley28.10.00
 Kallis JH (93)RSANZlKimberley28.10.00
      
20Gilchrist AC (98)AusWinBrisbane14.01.01
 Waugh ME (112*)AusWinBrisbane14.01.01
      
21Gibbs HH (116*)RSAIndCol-RPS25.09.02
 Kallis JH (97)RSAIndCol-RPS25.09.02
      
22Gayle CH (140)WinIndAhmedabad15.11.02
 Sarwan RR (99*)WinIndAhmedabad15.11.02
      
23Gilchrist AC (99)AusSrlCenturion07.03.03
 Ponting RT (114)AusSrlCenturion07.03.03
      
24Gayle CH (94)WinSrlBarbados08.06.03
 Lara BC (116)WinSrlBarbados08.06.03
      
25Gilchrist AC (91)AusNZlNapier05.03.05
 Ponting RT (141*)AusNZlNapier05.03.05
      
26Vincent L (172)NZlZimBulawayo24.08.05
 Fleming SP (93)NZlZimBulawayo24.08.05
      
27Salman Butt (101)PakIndPeshawar06.02.06
 Shoaib Malik (90)PakIndPeshawar06.02.06
      
28Smith GC (90)RSAAusJohannesburg12.03.06
 Gibbs HH (175)RSAAusJohannesburg12.03.06
      
29Ponting RT (104)AusNZlMelbourne04.02.07
 Hodge BJ (99*)AusNZlMelbourne04.02.07
      
30Younis Khan (93)PakRSADurban07.02.07
 Mohd Yousuf (101*)PakRSADurban07.02.07
      
31Hussey MEK (105)AusNZlAucland17.02.07
 Hodge BJ (97*)AusNZlAucland17.02.07
      
32Clarke MJ (93*)AusNetBassaterre18.03.07
 Hodge BJ (123)AusNetBassaterre18.03.07
      
33Hayden ML (101)AusRSABassaterre24.03.07
 Ponting RT (91)AusRSABassaterre24.03.07
 Clarke MJ (92)AusRSABassaterre24.03.07
      
34Smith GC (96)RSAZimHarare25.08.07
 Gibbs HH (111)RSAZimHarare25.08.07
      
35Morkel JA (97)RSAZimHarare26.08.07
 de Villiers AB (107)RSAZimHarare26.08.07
      
36Gambhir G (90)IndBanKarachi28.06.08
 Raina SK (116*)IndBanKarachi28.06.08
      
37Gayle CH (135)WinNZlNapier13.01.09
 Chanderpaul S (94)WinNZlNapier13.01.09
      
38Gambhir G (150)IndSrlCol-RPS05.02.09
 Dhoni MS (94)IndSrlCol-RPS05.02.09
      
39Jyoti S (117)CanScoAberdeen07.07.09
 Bagai A (92*)CanScoAberdeen07.07.09
      
40Masakadza H (102)ZimBanBulawayo14.08.09
 Taylor BRM (94)ZimBanBulawayo14.08.09
      
41Watson SR (93)AusIndHyd-RGS05.11.09
 Marsh SE* (112)AusIndHyd-RGS05.11.09
      
42Dilshan TM (160)SrlIndRajkot15.12.09
 Sangakkara KC (90)SrlIndRajkot15.12.09
      
43Kohli V (91)IndBanDakha07.01.10
 Dhoni MS (101*)IndBanDakha07.01.10
      
44Sangakkara KC (92)SrlCanHambantota20.02.11
 Jayawardene M (100)SrlCanHambantota20.02.11
      
45Smith DS (107)WinIreMohali11.03.11
 Pollard KA (94)WinIreMohali11.03.11
      
46Kohli V (117)IndWinVizag02.12.11
 Sharma RG (90*)IndWinVizag02.12.11
      
47Sehwag V (96)IndSrlHambantota21.07.12
 Kohli V (106)IndSrlHambantota21.07.12
      
48Dilshan TM (115*)SrlRSAPallekele28.07.13
 Sangakkara KC (91)SrlRSAPallekele28.07.13
      
49Sharma RG (141*)IndAusJaipur16.10.13
 Dhawan S (95)IndAusJaipur16.10.13
 Kohli V (100*)IndAusJaipur16.10.13
      
50Root JE (107)EngWinN Sound05.03.14
 Buttler JC (99)EngWinN Sound05.03.14
      
51Masakadza H (93)ZimAfgBulawayo20.07.14
 Sikandar Raza* (141)ZimAfgBulawayo20.07.14
      
52Rahane AM (106)IndEngEdgbaston02.09.14
 Dhawan S (97*)IndEngEdgbaston02.09.14
      
53Warner DA (178)AusAfgPerth04.03.15
 Smith SPD (95)AusAfgPerth04.03.15
      
54Joyce EC (112)IreZimHobart07.03.15
 Balbirnie A (97)IreZimHobart07.03.15
      
55Taylor BRM (121)ZimIreHobart07.03.15
 Williams SC (96)ZimIreHobart07.03.15
      
56Chibhabha CJ (99)ZimPakLahore29.05.15
 Sikandar Raza (100*)ZimPakLahore29.05.15
      
57Williamson KS (93)NZlEngThe Oval12.06.15
 Taylor LRPL (119*)NZlEngThe Oval12.06.15
      
58Williamson K S (97)NZlZimHarare02.08.15
 Taylor LRPL (112*)NZlZimHarare02.08.15
      
59Sharma RG (171*)IndAusPerth12.01.16
 Kohli V (91)IndAusPerth12.01.16
      
60Warner DA (93)AusIndCanberra20.01.16
 Finch AJ (107)AusIndCanberra20.01.16
      
61Sharma RG (99)IndAusSydney23.01.16
 Pandey MK (104*)IndAusSydney23.01.16
      
62Perera K (135)SrlIreDublin18.06.16
 Prasanna S (95)SrlIreDublin18.06.16
      
63Samuels MN (125)WinAusBarbados21.06.16
 Ramdin D (91)WinAusBarbados21.06.16
      
64Hales AD (171)EngPakTrent Bridge30.08.16
 Buttler JC (90*)EngPakTrent Bridge30.08.16
      
65Babar Azam (123)PakWinSharjah02.10.16
 Shoaib Malik (90)PakWinSharjah02.10.16
      
66Hales AD (95)EngBanThe Oval01.06.17
 Root JE (133*)EngBanThe Oval01.06.17
      
67Sharma RG (123*)IndBanEdgbaston15.06.17
 Kohli V (96*)IndBanEdgbaston15.06.17
      
68Finch AJ (94)AusIndBangalore28.09.17
 Warner DA (124)AusIndBangalore28.09.17
      
69Roy JJ (96)EngWinSouthampton29.09.17
 Bairstow JM (141*)EngWinSouthampton29.09.17
      
70Taylor LRPL (95)NZlIndMum-WS22.10.17
 Latham TWM (103*)NZlIndMum-WS22.10.17
      
71Roy JJ (180)EngAusMelbourne14.01.18
 Root JE (91*)EngAusMelbourne14.01.18
      
72Ashfaq Ahmed (92)UAEScoDub-DSC23.01.18
 R Shahzad (121*)UAEScoDub-DSC23.01.18
      
73Taylor BRM (125)ZimAfgSharjah11.02.18
 Sikandar Raza (92)ZimAfgSharjah11.02.18
      
74Porterfield WTS (92)IreUAEHarare12.03.18
 Stirling PR (126)IreUAEHarare12.03.18
      
75Roy JJ (120)EngAusCardiff16.06.18
 Buttler JC (91*)EngAusCardiff16.06.18
      
76Tamim Iqbal (130*)BanWinProvidence22.07.18
 Shakib Al Hasan (97)BanWinProvidence22.07.18
      
77Hendricks RR (102)RSASrlPallekele05.08.18
 Duminy J-P (92)RSASrlPallekele05.08.18
      
78Hope SD (123*)WinIndVizag24.10.18
 Hetmeyer SO (94)WinIndVizag24.10.18
      
79Amla HM (108)RSAPakGreneda19.01.19
 van d Dussen HE (93)RSAPakGreneda19.01.19
      
80Finch AJ (93)AusIndRaipur08.03.19
 Khawaja UT (104)AusIndRaipur08.03.19
      
81Khawaja UT (91)AusIndMohali10.03.19
 Handscomb PSP (117)AusIndMohali10.03.19
      
82Sharma RG (95)IndAusMohali10.03.19
 Dhawan S (143)IndAusMohali10.03.19
      
83Finch AJ (116)AusPakSharjah22.03.19
 Marsh SE (91*)AusPakSharjah22.03.19
      
84Stirling PR (130)IreBanDublin15.05.19
 Porterfield WTS (94)IreBanDublin15.05.19
      
85ShakibAl Hasan (124*)BanWinTaunton17.06.19
 Liton Das (94*)BanWinTaunton17.06.19
      
86Bairstow JM (90)EngAfgManchester18.06.19
 Morgan EJG (148)EngAfgManchester18.06.19
      
87Imam-ul-Haq (100)PakBanLord’s05.07.19
 Babar Azam (96)PakBanLord’s05.07.19
      
88du Plessis F (100)RSAAusManchester06.07.19
 van d Dussen H E (95)RSAAusManchester06.07.19
      
89de Kock Q (107)RSAEngCape Town04.02.20
 Bavuma T (98)RSAEngCape Town04.02.20
      
80Bairstow JM (124)EngIndPune-MCA26.03.21
 Stokes BA (99)EngIndPune-MCA26.03.21
      
91Fakhar Zaman (101)PakRSACenturion07.04.21
 Babar Azam (94)PakRSACenturion07.04.21

It also provides the sixth occasion of Pakistan’s one batsman scoring a century and another scoring a ninety in the annals of one day game in the same innings. All such occasions are tabulated below.

NoPlayersTeamOPPGroundDate
1Saeed Anwar (104*)PakAusRawalpindi22.10.94
 Inzamam-ul-Haq (91*)PakAusRawalpindi22.10.94
      
2Salman Butt (101)PakIndPeshawar06.02.06
 Shoaib Malik (90)PakIndPeshawar06.02.06
      
3Younis Khan (93)PakRSADurban07.02.07
 Mohd Yousuf (101*)PakRSADurban07.02.07
      
4Babar Azam (123)PakWinSharjah02.10.16
 Shoaib Malik (90)PakWinSharjah02.10.16
      
5Imam-ul-Haq (100)PakBanLord’s05.07.19
 Babar Azam (96)PakBanLord’s05.07.19
      
6Fakhar Zaman (101)PakRSACenturion07.04.21
 Babar Azam (94)PakRSACenturion07.04.21

It also provides the fourth occasion of one batsman scoring a century and another scoring a ninety in the annals of one day game in the same innings against South Africa. All such occasions are tabulated below. The list includes one occasion of two batsmen scoring nineties with one batsman scoring a century.

NoPlayersTeamOPPGroundDate
1Younis Khan (93)PakRSADurban07.02.07
 Mohd Yousuf (101*)PakRSADurban07.02.07
      
2Hayden ML (101)AusRSABassaterre24.03.07
 Ponting RT (91)AusRSABassaterre24.03.07
 Clarke MJ (92)AusRSABassaterre24.03.07
      
3Dilshan TM (115*)SrlRSAPallekele28.07.13
 Sangakkara KC (91)SrlRSAPallekele28.07.13
      
4Fakhar Zaman (101)PakRSACenturion07.04.21
 Babar Azam (94)PakRSACenturion07.04.21

The following are the nine occasions in the annals of one day game when one batsman has  scored ninetynine and another a century.

NoPlayersTeamOPPGroundDate
1Srikkanth K (99)IndEngCuttack27.12.84
 Shastri RJ (102)IndEngCuttack27.12.84
      
2Jones DM (99*)AusSrlAdelaide28.01.85
 Border AR (118*)AusSrlAdelaide28.01.85
      
3Gayle CH (140)WinIndAhmedabad15.11.02
 Sarwan RR (99*)WinIndAhmedabad15.11.02
      
4Gilchrist AC (99)AusSrlCenturion07.03.03
 Ponting RT (114)AusSrlCenturion07.03.03
      
5Ponting RT (104)AusNZlMelbourne04.02.07
 Hodge BJ (99*)AusNZlMelbourne04.02.07
      
6Root JE (107)EngWinN Sound05.03.14
 Buttler JC (99)EngWinN Sound05.03.14
      
7Chibhabha CJ (99)ZimPakLahore29.05.15
 Sikandar Raza (100*)ZimPakLahore29.05.15
      
8Sharma RG (99)IndAusSydney23.01.16
 Pandey MK (104*)IndAusSydney23.01.16
      
9Bairstow JM (124)EngIndPune-MCA26.03.21
 Stokes BA (99)EngIndPune-MCA26.03.21
India’s T20I wins when it had batted first

India’s T20I wins when it had batted first

India won this game by eight runs to provide its 40th win by runs margin in T20Is. It also provides its fifth win by runs margin against England. India won this game by eight runs to provide its ninth win by single digit runs margin in T20Is.

NoTeamMarginOppGroundStart Date
1Ind8 runsEngAhmedabad18 Mar 2021
2Ind7 runsNZlMt Maunganui02 Feb 2020
3Ind7 runsSAFCape Town24 Feb 2018
4Ind6 runsNZlTrivandrum07 Nov 2017
5Ind5 runsPakJohannesburg24 Sep 2007
6Ind5 runsEngNagpur29 Jan 2017
7Ind3 runsZimHarare22 Jun 2016
8Ind1 runSAFCol-RPS02 Oct 2012
9Ind1 runBanBengaluru23 Mar 2016

It also provides its second win by single digit runs margin against England. Prior to this win, India had won the T20I against England at Nagpur on 29.01.17 by five runs.

Obstructing the field dismissals in the annals of one day internationals.

Obstructing the field dismissals in the annals of one day internationals.

MD Gunathilaka was dismissed obstructing the field against West Indies at North Sound on 10.03.21 to provide the eighth occasion of a batsman dismissed Obstructing the field in the annals of one day internationals. All such occasions are tabulated below.

NoPlayerRunsITeamOppGroundDate
1Ramiz Raja992PakEngKarachi20.11.87
2M Amarnath281IndSrlAhmadabad22.10.89
3Inzamam162PakIndPeshawar06.02.06
4Mohd Hafeez002PakSAFDurban21.03.13
5Anwar Ali071PakSAFP Elizabeth27.11.13
6BA Stokes102EngAusLord’s05.09.15
7XM Marshall342USAUAESharjah08.12.19
8MD Gunathilaka551SrlWinN Sound10.03.21
Mithali Raj of India completes 10000 runs in her international career

Mithali Raj of India completes 10000 runs in her international career

Mithali Raj of India completed 10000 runs in her international career when he was on 35 during the course of her knock of 36 in the third one day game between India Women and South Africa Women at Lucknow on 12 Mar 21. At the end of the game her aggregate read 10001. She is the second woman cricketer to reach the milestone after England’s Charlotte Edwards. Edwards has an aggregate of 10273 runs in her international career.

The breakup of runs in Women’s tests, one day internationals and T20 internationals is furnished below. It interests to note that each of  her aggregate in the three formats of the game is a record for most runs by an Indian women. Her 6974 runs on one day internationals is the most runs by a woman in the history of one day internationals.

She earned the distinction of becoming the first Indian woman cricketer to score 10000 plus runs across all the three international formats of the game

FormatMatInnsNORunsHSCHC0
Tests01001603066321410402
ODIs213191536974125*75406
T20Is089084212364097*01705
Total3122917710001125^87513

She needs 26 more runs to complete 7000 plus runs in ODIs. If she gets them, then she would earn the distinction of becoming the first woman cricketer to aggregate 7000 plus runs in ODIs

Three figure partnerships for the consecutive seventh and eighth wickets in a test innings

Three figure partnerships for the consecutive seventh and eighth wickets in a test innings

In the fourth test against England at Ahmadabad, Indian batsmen posted three figure partnerships for the consecutive seventh and eight wickets. RR Pant-Washington Sundar added 113 runs for the seventh wicket and W Sundar-AR Patel added 106 runs for the eighth wicket.

The feat by Indian batsmen provides the third occasion of batsmen posting three figure partnerships for the consecutive seventh and eight wickets. It also provides the first such occasion by Indian batsmen. All such occasions are tabulated below.

NoPartnersWktRunsITeamOppGroundDate
1GB Hogg, A Symonds71731AusIndSydney02.01.08
2B Lee, A Symonds81141AusIndSydney02.01.08
         
1IR Bell, MJ Prior71072EngAusSydney03.01.11
2TT Bresnan, MJ Prior81022EngAusSydney03.01.11
         
1RR Pant, W Sundar71132IndEngAhmadabad04.03.21
2AR Patel, W Sundar81062IndEngAhmadabad04.03.21
Full squads of all eight IPL 2021 teams after auction

Full squads of all eight IPL 2021 teams after auction

IPL 2021 squads  after the auctions

Mumbai Indians: Players retained: Rohit Sharma, Quinton de Kock (WK), Suryakumar Yadav, Ishan Kishan (WK), Chris Lynn, Anmolpreet Singh, Saurabh Tiwary, Aditya Tare, Kieron Pollard, Hardik Pandya, Krunal Pandya, Anukul Roy, Jasprit Bumrah, Trent Boult, Rahul Chahar, Jayant Yadav, Dhawal Kulkarni, Mohsin Khan

Players bought: Nathan Coulter Nile (5 crore), Adam Milne (3.2 crore), Piyush Chawla (2.4 crore), James Neesham (50 lakh), Yudhvir Charak (20 lakh), Marco Jansen (20 lakh), Arjun Tendulkar (20 lakh)

Rajasthan Royals: Players retained: Sanju Samson, Ben Stokes, Jofra Archer, Jos Buttler, Riyan Parag, Shreyas Gopal, Rahul Tewatia, Mahipal Lomror, Kartik Tyagi, Andrew Tye, Jaydev Unadkat, Mayank Markande, Yashasvi Jaiswal, Anuj Rawat, David Miller, Manan Vohra, Robin Uthappa

Players bought: Chris Morris (16.25 crore), Shivam Dube (4.4 crore), Chetan Sakariya (1.2 crore), Mustafizur Rahman (1 crore), Liam Livingstone (75 lakh), Akash Singh (20 lakh), KC Cariappa (20 lakh), Kuldip Yadav (20 lakh)

Royal Challengers Bangalore squad: Players retained: Virat Kohli, AB de Villiers, Yuzvendra Chahal, Devdutt Padikkal, Navdeep Saini, Washington Sundar, Mohammed Siraj, Kane Richardson, Adam Zampa, Josh Philippe, Shahbaz Ahmed, Pavan Deshpande

Players bought: Kyle Jamieson (15 crore), Glenn Maxwell (14.25 crore), Dan Christian (4.8 crore), Sachin Baby (20 lakh), Rajat Patidar (20 lakh), Mohammed Azharuddeen (20 lakh), Suyash Prabhudesai (20 lakh), KS Bharat (20 lakh)

Chennai Super Kings squad: Players retained: MS Dhoni, Suresh Raina, Ambati Rayudu, N Jagadeesan, Faf Du Plessis, Ruturaj Gaikwad, Sam Curran, Ravi Jadeja, Dwayne Bravo, Mitchell Santner, Josh Hazlewood, Shardul Thakur, Karn Sharma, KM Asif, Imran Tahir, R. Sai Kishore, Deepak Chahar, Lungi Ngidi

Players bought: K Gowtham (9.25 crore), Moeen Ali (7 crore), Cheteshwar Pujara (50 lakh), K Bhagath Varma (20 lakh), C Hari Nishaanth (20 lakh), M Harisankar Reddy (20 lakh)

Delhi Capitals squad: Players retained: Shikhar Dhawan, Prithvi Shaw, Ajinkya Rahane, Rishabh Pant, Shreyas Iyer, Axar Patel, Amit Mishra, Ishant Sharma, R Ashwin, Lalit Yadav, Harshal Patel, Avesh Khan, Pravin Dubey, Kagiso Rabada, Anrich Nortje, Marcus Stoinis, Shimron Hetmyer, Chris Woakes, Daniel Sams

Players bought: Tom Curran (5.25 crore), Steven Smith (2.2 crore), Sam Billings (2 crore), Umesh Yadav (1 crore), Ripal Patel (20 lakh), Vishnu Vinod (20 lakh), Lukman Meriwala (20 lakh), M Siddharth (20 lakh)

Kolkata Knight Riders: Players retained: Eoin Morgan, Dinesh Karthik, Nitish Rana, Shubman Gill, Rinku Singh, Rahul Tripathi, Kamlesh Nagarkoti, Kuldeep Yadav, Lockie Ferguson, Pat Cummins, Prasidh Krishna, Sandeep Warrier, Shivam Mavi, Varun Chakravarthy, Andre Russell, Sunil Narine, Tim Seifert

Players bought: Shakib Al Hasan (3.2 crore), Harbhajan Singh (2 crore), Ben Cutting (75 lakh), Karun Nair (50 lakh), Pawan Negi (50 lakh), Sheldon Jackson (20 lakh), Venkatesh Iyer (20 lakh), Vaibhav Arora (20 lakh)

Punjab Kings:

Players retained: KL Rahul, Chris Gayle, Mayank Agarwal, Nicholas Pooran, Mandeep Singh, Sarfaraz Khan, Deepak Hooda, Prabhsimran Singh, Mohammed Shami, Chris Jordan, Darshan Nalkande, Ravi Bishnoi, Murugan Ashwin, Arshdeep Singh, Harpreet Brar, Ishan Porel

Players bought: Jhye Richardson (14 crore), Riley Meredith (8 crore), Shahrukh Khan (5.25 crore), Moises Henriques (4.2 crore), Dawid Malan (1.5 crore), Fabian Allen (75 lakh), Jalaj Saxena (30 lakh), Saurabh Kumar (20 lakh), Utkarsh Singh (20 lakh)

Sunrisers Hyderabad: Players retained: David Warner (c), Abhishek Sharma, Basil Thampi, Bhuvneshwar Kumar, Jonny Bairstow, Kane Williamson, Manish Pandey, Mohammad Nabi, Rashid Khan, Sandeep Sharma, Shahbaz Nadeem, Shreevats Goswami, Siddarth Kaul, Khaleel Ahmed, T Natarajan, Vijay Shankar, Wriddhiman Saha, Abdul Samad, Mitchell Marsh, Jason Holder, Priyam Garg, Virat Singh

Players bought: Kedar Jadhav (2 crore), Mujeeb ur Rahman (1.5 crore), J Suchith (30 lakh)